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January 2018, Vol 172, No. 1, Pages 1-104

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):1. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.1568
Viewpoint

Mild Neonatal Encephalopathy—How, When, and How Much to Treat?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):3-4. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3044

This Viewpoint examines the research into if, when, and how therapeutic hypothermia should be given to infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Mentoring of Early-Stage Investigators When Funding Is TightThe Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment Research Experience

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):4-6. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3396

This Viewpoint describes the successes of the Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment Research consortium’s Early-Stage Investigator program and why this program is important for scientific progress.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives for AdolescentsMore Complex Than “First-Line”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):6-7. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3520

This Viewpoint offers considerations for health care professionals when discussing long-acting reversible contraceptives with adolescent girls.

Improving the Study of New Medicines for Children With Rare Diseases

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):7-9. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4012

This Viewpoint describes challenges in establishing guidelines for drugs to treat pediatric orphan diseases, and identifies legislative and administrative approaches to improvement.

On My Mind

The Lost Art of DoctoringReflections of a Pediatric Resident

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):10. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3247
Editorial

Data Deficiency in an Era of Expanding Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):11-12. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4042

Ensuring Access to Preventive Services for AdolescentsHistorical Roots, Current Progress, and Future Challenges

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):12-14. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3544

Promise of Salivary MicroRNA for Assessing Concussion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):14-15. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3924
Original Investigation

Association Between Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Admission Rates and Illness Acuity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):17-23. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3913

This population-based study examines the variation in the rates of admission to neonatal intensive care units for infants born at 34 weeks’ or more gestational age.

Association of Maternal Obesity With Longitudinal Ultrasonographic Measures of Fetal GrowthFindings From the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies–Singletons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):24-31. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3785

This longitudinal cohort study characterizes the differences in fetal growth in cohorts of obese and nonobese pregnant women and identifies when anthropometric differences emerge.

Neurodevelopmental and Behavioral Outcomes in Extremely Premature Neonates With Ventriculomegaly in the Absence of Periventricular-Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):32-42. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3545

This longitudinal study characterizes neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm neonates after nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly is detected via cranial ultrasonography prior to 36 weeks’ postmenstrual age.

Association Between Adolescent Preventive Care and the Role of the Affordable Care Act

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):43-48. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3140

This secondary analysis of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data examines whether adolescent well visit rates increased from the pre– to post–Affordable Care Act periods and whether caregivers’ reports of past-year preventive services delivery increased from the pre– to post–Affordable Care Act periods among adolescents with any past-year health care visit.

Variation in the 12-Month Treatment Trajectories of Children and Adolescents After a Diagnosis of Depression

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):49-56. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3808

This longitudinal cohort study characterizes the heterogeneity in the 12-month clinical trajectories of youths 18 years and younger who have been diagnosed with depression and treated with psychotherapy, antidepressants, both, or neither.

Association Between Inhaled Corticosteroid Use and Bone Fracture in Children With Asthma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):57-64. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3579

This population-based, case-control study investigates whether the use of inhaled corticosteroid contributes to bone fractures in children with asthma.

Association of Salivary MicroRNA Changes With Prolonged Concussion Symptoms

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):65-73. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3884

This cohort study evaluates the efficacy of salivary microRNAs for identifying children with concussion who are at risk for prolonged symptoms.

Cost-effectiveness of Strategies for Offering Influenza Vaccine in the Pediatric Emergency Department

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):e173879. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3879

This cost-effectiveness analysis compares 4 strategies for pediatric emergency department–based influenza vaccine: offering vaccine to all patients, only to patients younger than 5 years, only to high-risk patients (all ages), or to no patients.

Effect of an Intervention to Promote Breastfeeding on Asthma, Lung Function, and Atopic Eczema at Age 16 YearsFollow-up of the PROBIT Randomized Trial

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):e174064. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4064

This follow-up to a randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of intervention promoting breastfeeding at the child’s birth on asthma, atopic eczema, and lung function after 16 years.

Special Communication

Perinatal Diagnosis, Management, and Follow-up of Cystic Renal DiseasesA Clinical Practice Recommendation With Systematic Literature Reviews

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):74-86. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3938

This systematic literature review provides a clinical practice recommendation for fetal medicine specialists, obstetricians, neonatologists, pediatric nephrologists, pediatricians, and human geneticists by aggregating current evidence and consensus expert opinion on current management of cystic nephropathies before and after birth.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Rapidly Changing Skin Lesion in a Teenage Boy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):87-88. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3242

A 16-year-old boy presents with a changing skin lesion on his right lower back that has developed new black spots within it. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Median Time to Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation in a Cohort of Chinese Infants Born With HIV

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):90-92. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3920

This national cohort study of HIV-infected infants in China identifies several persistent risk factors for mortality despite scaled-up antiretroviral therapy programs.

Comment & Response

Errors in Data Input in Meta-analysis on Association Between Initial Use of e-Cigarettes and Subsequent Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents and Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):92-93. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4200

Hypertonic Saline and Acute Bronchiolitis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):93-94. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3799

Hypertonic Saline and Acute BronchiolitisThe Debate Is Still On

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):93. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3805

Time to Appendectomy and Risk of Complicated Appendicitis and Adverse Outcomes in Children—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):94-95. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4080

Time to Appendectomy and Risk of Complicated Appendicitis and Adverse Outcomes in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):94. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4095

Rubella Vaccine—A Tale of Appropriate Caution and Remarkable Success

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4178

Rubella Vaccine—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):96. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4154

Traumatic Brain Injury and Cases of Abnormal Menstrual Pattern

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):96-97. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4170

Traumatic Brain Injury and Cases of Abnormal Menstrual Pattern—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):97-98. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4181
Correction

Errors in Data Input in Results, Figure, and Table

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):98. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4322

Error in Introduction

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):98. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4977
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

The Well-Child Visit

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):104. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4041
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(1):2. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.1569
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