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January 2018, Vol 136, No. 1, Pages 1-99

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):1. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.1904
Original Investigation

Association of Cataract Surgery With Mortality in Older WomenFindings from the Women’s Health Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):3-10. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4512

This cohort study examines the association between cataract surgery and total and cause-specific mortality in older patients with cataract in the Women’s Health Initiative.

Estimates of Incidence and Prevalence of Visual Impairment, Low Vision, and Blindness in the United States

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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):12-19. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4655

This study uses data from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to report the prevalence and incidence of low vision and blindness in the US population.

Association of the Presence of Trainees With Outpatient Appointment Times in an Ophthalmology Clinic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):20-26. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4816

This single-center cohort study quantifies the association of the presence of residents and fellows with efficiency in an outpatient ophthalmology clinic.

Effect of Adding Dexamethasone to Continued Ranibizumab Treatment in Patients With Persistent Diabetic Macular EdemaA DRCR Network Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):29-38. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4914

In this phase 2 randomized clinical trial, the Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network compares continued ranibizumab treatment alone vs ranibizumab plus dexamethasone in patients with persistent diabetic macular edema.

Access to Ophthalmologists in States Where Optometrists Have Expanded Scope of Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):39-45. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5081

This population-based cohort study determined the estimated travel time to the nearest ophthalmologist office for residents of Kentucky, Oklahoma, and New Mexico, where optometrists’ scope of practice has been expanded, and quantified travel time for patients who received surgical care from optometrists in those states from 2008 through 2014.

Factors Associated With Failure of Adult Strabismus–20 Questionnaire Scores to Improve Following Strabismus Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):46-52. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5088

This study identifies factors associated with failure of adult strabismus–20 questionnaire scores to improve following strabismus surgery.

Trends in Use of Ambulatory Surgery Centers for Cataract Surgery in the United States, 2001-2014

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):53-60. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5101

This cohort study determines trends in use of ambulatory surgery centers and hospital outpatient departments for cataract surgery from 2001 to 2014 and factors affecting the site of surgery.

Association Between Ophthalmologist Age and Unsolicited Patient Complaints

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):61-67. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5154

This cohort study compares data on unsolicited patient complaints from Vanderbilt University Medical Center’s Patient Advocacy Reporting System stratified by ophthalmologist age.

Association of Abnormal Renal Profiles and Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema in an Asian Population With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):68-74. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5202

This cohort study investigates the association of chronic kidney disease with the development of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema in type 2 diabetes

Incidence and Causes of Overdiagnosis of Optic Neuritis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):76-81. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5470

This cross-sectional study assesses the incidence of and characterizes factors contributing to overdiagnosis of acute optic neuritis.

Brief Report

Acute Solar Retinopathy Imaged With Adaptive Optics, Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography, and En Face Optical Coherence Tomography

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):82-85. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5517

This case report enhances understanding of the structural changes that occur in solar retinopathy by obtaining high-resolution in vivo en face images.

Invited Commentary

Association of Cataract Surgery With Decreased Mortality Among US Women

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):10-11. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4581

Presence of Trainees and Appointment Times

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):27-28. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4785

Considerations When Temporal Order Is Not Clear

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):74-75. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5212
JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

A Neonate With Acute Dacryocystitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):86-87. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.2708

A 7-day-old healthy infant presented with a new-onset enlarging erythematous mass overlying her right medial lower eyelid. What would you do next?

Retina Folds and Subretinal Fluid After Bell Palsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):88-89. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.2778

A woman in her late 20s presented with blurry vision in both eyes. A dilated ophthalmoscopic examination revealed mild optic nerve pallor and bilateral serous macular detachment. What would you do next?

Acute Bilateral Eyelid Edema in a 3-Year-Old Girl With Pyuria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):90-91. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.2978

A 3-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with high fever, bilateral upper and lower eyelid edema, and pyuria; the patient returned 2 days later with persistent fever, worsening eyelid edema, and a new macular rash over her buttocks and shins. What would you do next?

Abnormal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Patient With Optic Disc Edema, Retinal Hemorrhage, and Decreased Vision

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):92-93. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3003

A woman in her 30s was referred for evaluation of severe bilateral optic disc edema, retinal hemorrhages, and a gradual decrease in vision during a 3-week period. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Revision Surgery After Dacryocystorhinostomy in a National Cohort

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):94-95. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4881

This study examines the rate of revision surgery after dacryocystorhinostomy and evaluates the associated risk factors in a national patient cohort.

Observation

Retinal Avascularity and Neovascularization Associated With LAMA1 (laminin1) Mutation in Poretti-Boltshauser Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):96-97. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5060

This case report describes 2 children with retinal vascular disease and LAMA1 mutation.

Vision Loss Secondary to Autologous Adipose Stem Cell InjectionsA Rising Problem

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):97-99. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5453

This case report describes a 44-year-old man with retinitis pigmentosa who sought an autologous adipose tissue-derived stem cell injection and experienced extensive complications.

Ophthalmic Images

Retinoblastoma With Endophytic and Exophytic Features

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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):e175064. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5064

This case report describes a retinoblastoma with endophytic and exophytic features in a young boy.

Rosette-Shaped Cataract Due to Lightning Injury

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):e175719. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5719

This case report describes a 57-year-old woman who presented with photopsias and floaters as well as a rosette-shaped cataract in her right eye due to being struck by lightning as a child.

Ocular Inflammation Associated With Fibers From Eyelash Extensions

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):e175723. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5723

This case report describes a woman in her 40s with a history of using eyelash extensions/fibers who presented with redness, irritation, and pain in her right eye.

Primary Orbital Amyloidosis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):e175727. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5727

This case report describes a 60-year-old man who presented with a 2-year history of bilateral, progressive, and painless proptosis and left blepharoptosis.

JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(1):2. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.1905
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