This meta-analysis summarizes evidence about associations between timing of allergenic food introduction during infancy and risk of allergic or autoimmune disease.
Marrouche and coauthors report the results of the DECAAF study, which was a multicenter assessment of the association of atrial tissue fibrosis identified by delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and catheter ablation outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Raebel and colleagues compare use of opioid medications for chronic pain 1 year before bariatric surgery vs 1 year after in a retrospective cohort study of 11 719 US patients from 2005 through 2009. In an Editorial, Alford discusses risks associated with opioid use and decreasing the need for chronic opioid therapy.
This cohort study uses paired inspiratory-expiratory computed tomography images to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of expiratory central airway collapse among current and former smokers.
This randomized trial reports that antenatal multiple micronutrient compared with iron–folic acid supplementation did not reduce infant mortality to age 6 months but resulted in a non–statistically significant reduction in stillbirths and significant reductions in preterm births and low birth weight.
The US Burden of Disease Collaborators used a systematic analysis of descriptive epidemiology of diseases and injuries, their sequelae, and risk factors or clusters of risk factors from 1990 to 2010 to describe the health status of the United States. In an editorial, Fineberg discusses the health of the US population.
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