Author Contributions: Dr Dabelea had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Dabelea, D’Agostino, Imperatore, Linder, Liu, Marcovina, Mayer-Davis, Pettitt.
Acquisition of data: Dabelea, Johansen, Liu, Mayer-Davis, Waitzfelder.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Dabelea, Bell, D’Agostino, Imperatore, Linder, Liu, Loots, Marcovina, Mayer-Davis, Pettitt.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dabelea, D’Agostino, Imperatore, Liu, Mayer-Davis, Pettitt.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bell, D’Agostino, Imperatore, Johansen, Linder, Liu, Loots, Marcovina, Mayer-Davis, Pettitt, Waitzfelder.
Statistical analysis: Dabelea, D’Agostino, Imperatore.
Obtained funding: Dabelea, Bell, Linder, Mayer-Davis, Waitzfelder.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Bell, Johansen, Marcovina, Mayer-Davis.
Study supervision: Dabelea, Mayer-Davis.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through a cooperative agreement (PA No. 00097 and DP-05-069) and supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The site contract numbers are California (U01 DP000246), Colorado (U01 DP000247), Hawaii (U01 DP000245), Ohio (U01 DP000248), South Carolina (U01 DP000254), Washington (U01 DP000244), and the Coordinating Center (U01 DP000250). The cooperative agreement between study centers and funding agencies supported the work of study investigators, collaborators, and staff, including the writing group members and the individuals named in the Acknowledgment section.
Role of the Sponsors: Through the cooperative agreement mechanisms, investigators from the 2 funding agencies participated in the design of the study, in the analysis and interpretation of the data, and in the preparation, review, and approval of the study manuscript. They did not participate in the data collection and management component of the study.
The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Writing Group acknowledges the contributions of the following individuals to the work of the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study:California: Jean M. Lawrence, ScD, MPH, MSSA, Diana B. Petitti, MD, MPH, Ann K. Kershnar, MD, and Kimberly J. Holmquist, BS (Kaiser Permanente Southern California); and David J. Pettitt, MD (The Sansum Diabetes Research Institute). Colorado: Dana Dabelea, MD, PhD, Richard F. Hamman, MD, DrPH, Emelin Martinez, MSN, FNP, and Lisa Testaverde, BS (Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center); Georgeanna J. Klingensmith, MD, and Marian J. Rewers, MD, PhD (The Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes); Clifford A. Block, MD (The Pediatric Endocrine Associates); Jonathan Krakoff, MD, and Peter H. Bennett, MB, FRCP (The NIDDK Pima Indian Study); and Joquetta A. DeGroat, BA (The Navajo Area Indian Health Prevention Program). Hawaii: Beatriz L. Rodriguez, MD, PhD, Beth Waitzfelder, PhD, Wilfred Fujimoto, MD, J. David Curb, MD, Fiona Kennedy, RN, Greg Uramoto, MD, Sorrell Waxman, MD, Teresa Hillier, MD, Richard Chung, MD (The Pacific Health Research Institute). Ohio: Lawrence M. Dolan, MD, Debra Standiford, MSN, CNP, Stephen R. Daniels, MD, PhD, Judith M. Johansen, RN, BSN (Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center). South Carolina: Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, PhD, Angela D. Liese, PhD, MPH, Robert McKeown, PhD, John Oeltmann, PhD, Joan Thomas MS, RD, Deborah Truell, RN, CDE, Gladys Gaillard-McBride, RN, CFNP, Deborah Lawler, MT (ASCP); Lynne Hartel, MA, Robert R. Moran, PhD, April Irby, BS, James Amrhein, MD, Yaw Appiagyei-Dankah, MD, Pam Clark, MD, Howard Heinze, MD, Lyndon Key, MD, Andy Muir, MD, Mark Parker, MD, I David Schwartz, MD, Steve Willi, MD. Washington: Catherine Pihoker, MD, Lisa Gilliam, MD, PhD, Irl Hirsch, MD, Lenna L. Liu, MD, MPH, Carolyn Paris, MD, MPH (University of Washington); Beth Loots, MPH, MSW, Jenny Tseng, PhD, and Shirley Vacanti, RN, BSN (Seattle Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center); and Carla Greenbaum, MD (Benaroya Research Institute); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Giuseppina Imperatore, MD, PhD, Desmond E. Williams, MD, PhD, Michael M. Engelgau, MD, Henry Kahn, MD, and K. M. Venkat Narayan, MD, MPH; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases,National Institutes of Health: Barbara Linder, MD, PhD; Central Laboratory (University of Washington): Santica Marcovina, PhD, and Greg Strylewicz, MS; Coordinating Center (Wake Forest University School of Medicine): Ronny Bell, PhD, MS, Ralph D’Agostino, Jr, PhD, Timothy Morgan, PhD, Susan Vestal, BS, and Bharathi Zvara, BS.
Disclaimer: The contents of this article are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies.
Acknowledgment: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study is indebted to the many youth and their families, and their health care professionals, whose participation made this study possible. We thank the General Clinical Research Centers at the following institutions for their involvement in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study: Medical University of South Carolina (grant M01 RR01070); Cincinnati Children's Hospital (grant M01 RR08084); Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center and the University of Washington School of Medicine (grants M01RR00037 and M01RR001271); and the Colorado Pediatric General Clinical Research Center (grant M01 RR00069).