Author Contributions: Dr Boulle had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Boulle, Van Cutsem, Cohen, Hilderbrand, Goemaere, Coetzee, Maartens.
Acquisition of data: Boulle, Van Cutsem, Hilderbrand, Mathee, Abrahams, Goemaere, Coetzee.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Boulle, Van Cutsem, Cohen.
Drafting of the manuscript: Boulle, Van Cutsem, Abrahams, Maartens.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Van Cutsem, Cohen, Hilderbrand, Mathee, Goemaere, Coetzee.
Statistical analysis: Boulle, Van Cutsem, Cohen.
Obtained funding: Hilderbrand, Goemaere, Coetzee.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Van Cutsem, Hilderbrand, Mathee, Abrahams, Goemaere.
Study supervision: Van Cutsem, Coetzee, Maartens.
Financial Disclosures: Dr Maartens reported receiving a speakers honorarium from Merck, Sharp & Dohme South Africa. No other authors reported disclosures.
Funding/Support: No specific funding was received for this analysis. The clinical services were funded by the Provincial Government of the Western Cape, the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and Médecins Sans Frontières.
Role of the Sponsor: None of these organizations were involved in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented in part at the 38th Union World Conference on Lung Health; November 8-12, 2007; Cape Town, South Africa.
Additional Contributions: We thank all patients and staff in the Ubuntu HIV/TB clinic, and the HIV services at Nolungile and Michael Mapongwane community health centers in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. We also thank all other clinical, management, and support staff who have assisted the Khayelitsha HIV services from the University of Cape Town, Médecins Sans Frontières, the City of Cape Town, and the Provincial Government of the Western Cape.