Author Contributions: Dr Bolton had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Bolton, Betancourt, Bass.
Acquisition of data: Bolton, Bass, Betancourt.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Bolton, Bass, Betancourt, Clougherty, Neugebauer, Murray, Verdeli.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bolton, Bass, Betancourt, Speelman, Onyango, Clougherty, Neugebauer, Murray, Verdeli.
Statistical analysis: Bass, Betancourt, Neugebauer.
Study supervision: Bolton, Betancourt, Speelman, Onyango, Clougherty, Murray, Verdeli.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This project was solely funded by World Vision and War Child Holland. Dr Neugebauer's contributions were funded by the Ruth and David Levine Foundation.
Role of Sponsors: Both organizations also provided material support including local staff time to conduct and supervise the interventions, assist in the logistical aspects of both the study design and interventions, and assisted in supervision of the interviewers. Neither organization was involved in the management or analysis of the data but did offer suggestions as to the interpretation of the results. These staff also reviewed and approved the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We wish to thank those staff, local leaders, and the communities who welcomed us to work with them. Further, we wish to thank both organizations for their commitment to improving the impact of their humanitarian efforts. Both organizations have already begun to use the results of this study to inform their current programs in northern Uganda. While not funding the study directly, the methodology described in this article was developed with the support of the US Agency for International Development's Torture Victims Fund.