Author Contributions: Drs Hawass, Gad, Zink, and Pusch had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Hawass, Gad, Zink, Pusch.
Acquisition of data: Hawass, Gad, Ismail, Khairat, Fathalla, Hasan, Ahmed, Elleithy, Gaballah, Wasef, Fateen, Amer, Gostner, Selim, Zink.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Hawass, Gad, Ismail, Khairat, Fathalla, Hasan, Ball, Wasef, Fateen, Amer, Gostner, Selim, Zink, Pusch.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hawass, Gad, Zink, Pusch.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Hawass, Gad, Ismail, Khairat, Fathalla, Hasan, Ahmed, Elleithy, Ball, Gaballah, Wasef, Fateen, Amer, Gostner, Selim, Zink, Pusch.
Statistical analysis: Ball, Gostner, Zink, Pusch.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hawass, Gad, Ismail, Hasan, Ahmed, Elleithy, Ball, Gaballah, Fateen, Amer, Selim, Zink, Pusch.
Study supervision: Gad, Ismail, Zink, Pusch.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Discovery Channel and the Brando Quilici production group. Funding was also obtained from the Mini-Graduiertenkolleg Tübingen and the DAAD (GERLS exchange program). Siemens Medical donated material and installed the multislice computed tomography scanner used in the study.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
The eAppendix, eFigures 1
through 3, and
the online feature showing full-body computed tomography reconstructions of the mummies and interactive kinship analysis and pedigree.
Additional Contributions: Jessica Sherry, BS (manager, first laboratory), and Milena Gozzo, BDM (manager, second laboratory), contributed expert management of the ancient DNA laboratories in Cairo, Egypt. Neither of these individuals received compensation for their contributions beyond their salaries.
This article was corrected online for typographical errors on 2/16/2010.