Author Contributions: Dr Gautier had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. The authors had access to all the data and shared final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication.
Study concept and design: Sobngwi, Choukem, Fetita, Lebbe, Foufelle, Ferre, Vexiau, Calvo, Gautier.
Acquisition of data: Sobngwi, Choukem, Agbalika, Blondeau, Thiam, Cattan, Larghero, Gautier.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Sobngwi, Choukem, Agbalika, Calvo, Gautier.
Drafting of the manuscript: Sobngwi, Choukem, Cattan, Calvo, Gautier.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Sobngwi, Choukem, Agbalika, Blondeau, Fetita, Lebbe, Thiam, Cattan, Larghero, Foufelle, Ferre, Vexiau, Calvo, Gautier.
Statistical analysis: Sobngwi, Choukem.
Obtained funding: Sobngwi, Choukem, Vexiau, Calvo, Gautier.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Agbalika, Blondeau, Fetita, Cattan, Larghero.
Study supervision: Gautier.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work has been supported by the Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (grants AOR 02088 and AOR 0305), INSERM, Association Française des Diabétiques (AFD), and Association de Langue Française pour l'Etude du Diabète et des Maladies Métaboliques (ALFEDIAM).
Role of the Sponsor: The sponsors of the study had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We are grateful to the patients who participated in the study. The excellent work and dedication of the technical and nursing staffs of the Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology and the Clinical Research Centre are warmly acknowledged. We thank M. A. Charles, MD, MPH, Director of Research, INSERM Unit 780, Research in Epidemiology and Biostatistics for her comments on the manuscript. These individuals did not receive compensation for their contributions to this article.