New Instrument.

JAMA. 1903;XL(16):1081. doi:10.1001/jama.1903.02490160033003.
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A NEW SELF-HOLDING RETRACTOR FOR USE IN GENERAL SURGERY.*  WILLIAM S. THOMAS, M.D.Surgeon-in-Chief Out-Patient Department, St. Luke's Hospital.NEW YORK.Although specialists have devised many forms of specula, there does not seem to have been made heretofore a practical self-holding retractor for use in general surgery. The simple instrument here presented has proved of frequent practical use during five months.Perhaps its principal field of utility will be found in emergency operations where the desired number of assistants is not available. Even where the usual number of assistants is at hand the use of this instrument may be preferable to manual retraction, as this would permit the assistants to aid the operator in some other way.It will never take the place of a hand retractor with an experienced brain behind it; nevertheless, it is easily applied and quickly shifted, and will stay where it is put. Beside steadiness


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