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Biographic Clinics. The Origin of the Ill Health of De Quincey, Carlyle, Darwin, Huxley and Browning.

JAMA. 1903;XL(11):725-726. doi:10.1001/jama.1903.02490110041017.
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Whatever the accomplished editor of American Medicine may write is sure to be interesting. His writings have a positive, aggressive note about them that is refreshing and invigorating. These characteristics and his versatility are well shown in this latest work, a study from the borderland between pure literature and medicine.

Dr. Gould takes five great Englishmen, De Quincey, Carlyle, Darwin, Huxley and Browning, each of whom it will be remembered was a great physical sufferer, and makes a critical study of the afflictions. All this suffering Gould believes was due to eye-strain. This is the object of the book, to prove that unrecognized and untreated refractive errors with consequent eye-strain drove De Quincey to opium, made Jane Welsh's husband an inconsiderate, ill-tempered dyspeptic tyrant, deprived Darwin of the power of long continuance at study of books or with the microscope, and caused Huxley and Browning to groan with the tortures


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