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Daniel W. Layman, M.D.
JAMA. 1912;LIX(26):2313-2314. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270130018008.
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Attending Oto-Laryngologist, Indianapolis City Hospital and Indianapolis Orphan Asylum  Ointments as remedial agents to the nasal mucosa have not been extensively used, the nasal douche or spray being the more popular form of application, chiefly because remedial agents can be readily and oasily applied in a fluid state. Ointments have been used principally to protect the skin and mucous membrane at the entrance of the nostrils from being excoriated by irritating nasal discharges. Occasionally they are used to protect the margins of a perforating ulcer of the septum or to stimulate granulation tissue to a more healthy action. It is certain that a greater quantity of active agents can be delivered to the nasal mucous membrane and can be retained for a longer period in ointment form than in the fluid state.The objection to the use of ointments in the nose is the crude and inefficient methods of application.


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