Cots are used instead of hospital beds in the Soviet Union; most mental patients are treated in outpatient dispensaries; government posters warn against smoking although the state produces the cigarets.
These are a few of the observations made by Dr. William H. Stewart, chief of the Division of Community Health Services of the Public Health Service, who with five other physicians toured Russia recently as part of an exchange agreement between the two countries.
Medical care is readily available, at least in the cities visited by the American group, Stewart said.
"The emphasis on services rather than bricks and mortar was apparent in the old but clean condition of most of the buildings housing medical care establishments," he said. "The equipment was adequate but not luxurious as evidenced by the fact that hospital beds were seldom seen. Cots were used in their place."
In all, the USSR has 1,845,000 hospital