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Infants in institutions; a comparison of their development with family-reared infants during the first year of life.

Nahman H. Greenberg, MD
JAMA. 1963;184(7):603-604. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700200125036.
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Infants in Institutions is a major contribution to our understanding of early childhood and is a moving documentation of the adverse influences of maternal deprivation, prolonged institutional care, and relative isolation upon early development. The study by Provence and Lipton reports in rich detail an institutional setting and, as measured by standardized baby tests and clinical evaluations, the development of the infants residing there. These observations are accompanied by the authors' stimulating impressions of the pathological influences these environmental conditions have had upon the infants' emotional and physical development, particularly their motor behavior and relationships to people and inanimate objects and themselves. This research deals with fundamental processes of ego development, autonomous ego functions, fixations, impairments in early object attachments and their later effects.

This book is "must" reading for those who accept institutional-rearing with a complacent attitude insensitive to the deleterious effects upon psychological development. It also will be


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