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BERNHARD SIEGFRIED ALBINUS (1697-1770) GERMAN-DUTCH ANATOMIST

JAMA. 1966;196(10):910. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03100230154041.
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The delicate delineation of muscles and bones of the human body by Albinus, German by birth and Dutch by adoption, was a preeminent contribution to anatomy in the 18th century. Albinus was born at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, but in 1702 his father accepted the chair of medicine at Leyden. Thus, most of the youth's formal education was in the Dutch school, where his teachers included Boerhaave, Rau, and Ruysch.1 Also, a short time was spent in Paris with Winslow and Senac. As a precocious professor he was re-called to Leyden to succeed Rau in the chair of anatomy and surgery and was given the doctorate without examination or inaugural dissertation. Before the age of 25, Albinus had replaced his father as professor of anatomy; in 1745, he was appointed to the chair of therapeutics and subsequently twice served as Rector of the university. Meanwhile, a younger brother, Christian Bernhard Albinus, became

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