Two new, relatively simple tests may aid industrial physicians in maintaining proper hygienic standards in large factories where workers are unavoidably exposed to chemicals.
Detecting a genetically caused abnormality in red blood cells can be used in preplacement job examinations to screen persons who are hypersusceptible to specific chemicals.
"This test may be extremely helpful to industrial physicians in protecting such workers against possible injurious exposure to the company's products," Herbert E. Stokinger, PhD, Cincinnati, said.
The other test, a pretoxicosis examination for carbon disulfide (CS2) sensitivity appears to provide early indication of overexposure to the chemical, and also is able to predict in which individuals continued minimal exposure will eventually cause disease.
These tests were among several new toxicologic techniques reported at the American Academy of Occupational Medicine annual meeting by Dr. Stokinger, who is chief of the toxicology section of the PHS Occupational Health Research