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Fertility Following Oral Contraception

William Winner, MD
JAMA. 1965;193(2):167-168. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090020081030.
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To the Editor:—  It has been widely suggested that following termination of a course of oral contraception, a woman's fertility potential (ie, her ability to conceive) can be expected to increase. Indeed, these drugs have been used by many physicians as part of the treatment of infertility.Reevaluation of the available information yields the following data pertinent and basic to these concepts:The evidence that oral contraception may produce an improvement in a woman's fertility potential has received statistical support. To test the relationship to subsequent fertility, each of these several surveys used as the study group patients who discontinued oral contraception in order to attempt conception. Each survey, however, used the same reference group—a group of women who had used a variety of mechanical or chemical methods of contraception prior to a planned pregnancy.5 The pertinent data available are summarized in Table I.As observed by Goldzieher,4

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