Author Contributions: Dr Jones had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Drs Kampmann and Hesseling contributed equally to this article.
Study concept and design: Jones, Esser, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Acquisition of data: Jones, Naidoo, De Beer, Hesseling.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Jones, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Drafting of the manuscript: Jones, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jones, Naidoo, De Beer, Esser, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Statistical analysis: Jones, Hesseling.
Obtained funding: Jones, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jones, Naidoo, De Beer, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Study supervision: Esser, Kampmann, Hesseling.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by the European Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Dr Jones), the Thrasher Research Foundation (Dr Jones), the Wellcome Trust (Dr Kampmann), National Institute for Health Research, England (Dr Kampmann), and Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (Dr Hesseling).
Role of the Sponsors: The funding agencies had no role in the design or conduct of the study, in the collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We thank the study nurses, Barbara Magwegwe, RN, and Nonkonzo Dziba, RN, and study counselor, Eunice Mhlamba (Desmond Tutu TB Center, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa), who ably assisted with the acquisition of data, and David Schriger, MD, MPH (Los Angeles Emergency Medicine Center, University of California, Los Angeles), for graphical assistance. Mss Magwegwe, Dziba, and Mhlamba are salaried employees who received no special financial compensation for their contributions. Dr Schriger received no financial compensation for his contribution.