It is not my intention to enter into a controversy on infantile mortality from diarrheal diseases, its deplorable rate, and the causes which are responsible for it. These latter have been carefully studied, and are, briefly:bad air, summer heat, ignorance of simple hygiene, and especially artificial feeding.
To the correction of all these possible factors have been directed the efforts of municipal authorities, the medical profession, societies, philanthropists and others. Tenement-house construction has been corrected and regulated by ordinance, the evils of the heated term mitigated by fresh-air missions, free ice and the like, maternal ignorance enlightened by educational circulars, and finally, sanitary protection has been given to milk from dairy to nursery, as has been extended to no other industry, and this largely, if not almost entirely, with the interest of infantile feeding in mind.
With regard to diet, the child should live on food provided for it—milk—the only food which contains all the principles essential to life and growth. The infant