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JAMA. 1898;XXXI(11):580-582. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.92450110022001g.
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Diseases of the sigmoid have remained in practical obscurity, and the sigmoid per se, so far as the rectal specialist and general surgeon are concerned, have been a terra incognita. November, 1885, the sigmoid cavity was first exposed with the light of research, and scientific truths observed in the living subject narrated and made a part of historic discovery by the writer. The pathologist only knew diseases of the sigmoid as concerns malignant growths or benign neoplasms, or a possible sigmoid stricture, ulceration or fecal impaction, and what is now shown by Carpenter's sigmoidoscopy as a sigmoiditis with or without ulceration, was in the recent past supposed to be a proctitis or a colitis, the pathologist only dealing with diseases of the sigmoid as a postmortem observation. Now, with sigmoidoscopy (Carpenter's) we are also able to not only explore the rectum in its entirety, illumine the sigmoid cavity, and with


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