JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(23):1526-1529. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.62470490024001g.
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Fear as an element of disease has become so very prevalent and common that its study deserves more than a passing notice. While its universal prevalence is recognized to some degree at least in nearly all forms of disease, yet it is in the departments of neurology and psychiatry that we find its most serious effects and disastrous consequences. Fear is defined by Gould as an emotion of dread, an apprehension the feeling of which in its intense manifestations is called terror or fright. Generally speaking, fear is the expression of a desire on the part of the individual to escape or ward off whatever may seem to threaten evil or work harm to his well-being. It therefore conforms to the instinctive power immanent in man and animals of self-preservation. As such it exists normally in every individual in varying degrees of intensity and subject more or less to the


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