This eminent French pediatrician died in Paris November 26, 1891, at the age of 73 years. Bouchut was a voluminous writer, many of his productions being honored by special recognition. His pugnacious disposition, and the force with which he defended his ideas, prevented him from reaching the goal of his highest ambition, a membership in the Academy, and a professorship. His most extensive work was a large, systematic treatise on pediatrics, entitled " Traité pratique des maladies des nouveau-nés, des enfants à la mamelle, et de la seconde enfance."
He was a strong advocate of the use of the ophthalmoscope in the diagnosis of cerebral diseases; cerebroscopie, he termed it.
He was the originator of intubation of the larynx, and his essay, "Du traitement du croup par le tubage du larynx," may be found in the Comptes rendus de l'Academic des Sciences, and the Gazette des Hôpitaux for 1858.