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AN EXAMINATION OF VON GRAEFE'S DOCTRINE OF "ANTIPATHY TO SINGLE VISION."Read in the Section of Ophthalmology, at the Forty-second Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, held at Washington, D. C., May, 1891.

GEORGE T. STEVENS, M.D.
JAMA. 1891;XVII(11):405-410. doi:10.1001/jama.1891.02410890017001c.
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In Von Graefe's classical description of the condition to which he applies the term "Antipathy to Single Vision," he says: "It has sometimes happened to me that after squint operations with apparently correctly adjusted visual axes there have resulted double images only slightly removed from each other. The visual power of each eye has been quite good, alternating strabismus having previously existed, and the accommodative power has been similar in the two eyes. Nevertheless it has been in no way possible to bring about single vision."

He states that this condition of double seeing persists notwithstanding the interposition of prisms in various positions, and that every effort of the patient to unite the images results only in removing them to still greater distances.

He adds: "The tendency appears to be a direct physiological contradiction; for while in sound eyes some approach, especially in case of large retinal pictures, is sufficient

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