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MEDICO-LEGAL RELATIONS OF LAPAROTOMIES.Read before the Chicago Medico-Legal Society, Dec. 6, 1890.

JAMA. 1891;XVI(12):404-407. doi:10.1001/jama.1891.02410640008001b.
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Abdominal Surgery is comparatively new, there is nothing settled concerning the method of performing abdominal surgery, that is, absolutely and definitely as compared with what may be said to be settled about the treatment of fractures and dislocations. Whenever a case of medico-legal interest finds its way into the courts concerning the treatment of fracture or dislocation, there is very little difference of opinion in the minds of surgeons concerning the treatment of these cases —and they constitute nine-tenths of malpractice suits—for the reason that the treatment of fractures and dislocations is nearly as old as the human family. Abdominal surgery cannot boast of this ancient lineage, but is so recent and new, and so many innovations are coming in every day that it seems to me one might, after looking over all the would-be settled points concerning the technique of the operation, conclude that there is nothing very definitely


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