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A HISTORICAL RECORD OF THE DEVICES USED IN THE MECHANICAL TREATMENT OF SIMPLE FRACTURE OF THE PATELLA.Read before the Clinical Society of the Chicago Policlinic, October 14, 1890.

CHARLES F. STILLMAN, M.Sc., M.D.
JAMA. 1891;XVI(9):292-302. doi:10.1001/jama.1891.02410610004001a.
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In the entire domain of surgery there is not a fracture which has interested more prominent surgical minds, or been the subject of more devices and inventions for its treatment, than this; and in order to present an accurate and comprehensive history, the writer has been obliged to extract freely from foreign authorities, as well as those who have written upon the subject in our own language.

Abulcasis and Paul of Aegina were the first to mention fracture of the patella in their writings. Their treatment was most simple. The former bound down the upper fragment with a bandage; the latter fastened the fragments together with an emplastrum, which with a round splint was held in place by a bandage. Both writers considered the extended position of the limb a necessity. It is unfortunate that no illustrations can be obtained depicting their methods.

Guido, Theodorich, Giul. de Saliceto and Brunschwig

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