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A SIMPLE AND RELIABLE ASTIGMOMETER.Read in the Section of Ophthalmology at the Forty-first Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, held at Nashville, Tenn., May, 1890.

F. C. HOTZ, M.D.
JAMA. 1890;XV(12):420-424. doi:10.1001/jama.1890.02410380008001b.
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It is an old saying that "haste makes waste;" and every medical man will do well to have these three words inscribed in golden letters over his desk; for three-fourths of all the mistakes made in medical practice can be traced to hasty examination. But while we should spare no time in order to obtain a correct diagnosis, we do not like, on the other hand, to waste any time unnecessarily in the busy hours of the consulting room. While our examination should never be hurried, it often can be quick or slow, short or long, the time consumed being dependent a great deal on the method we employ; the one method may give us the desired information in five minutes, which we cannot get by another method in less than fifteen minutes.

In this respect the examination for astigmatism furnishes us a good illustration, and if we


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