—Baby H., female, was born at 6 a. m., March 14, 1907 (vertex presentation). Labor lasted seven hours, the second stage being very short. The child apparently was normal in every way, and weighed 7 pounds. The cord was handled aseptically and dressed with boric acid and alcohol. The infant's father was in the last stages of pulmonary tuberculosis. The mother was healthy but gave a history of epileptic attacks. There were two other children, girls, aged 4 and 5 years respectively. With her first baby the mother had severe mastitis and the child had to be weaned when two weeks old. The second child was not breast-fed at all. The breasts were indurated in a number of places, the result of previous abscesses.The baby was put to the breast five hours after birth, but did not nurse. At 7 p. m. it had a large bowel movement.