JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(13):609-611. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440130035006.
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Within the past few years there has been a considerable interest and some enthusiasm aroused in and numerous trials made of a method of treatment of acute insanity by compulsory rest in bed. The idea is not a new one, it is as old at least as the fifth century, when it was recommended by Cælius Aurelianus, and it has been more or less advocated and practiced by alienists all through the modern period of psychiatry to the present. It is in the universal application of the treatment to all cases of acute mental disorder, and to a considerable extent in the appliances and details of the method that whatever novelty it may possess consists. Rest in bed has been a regularly recognized therapeutic measure recommended in nearly all treatises on insanity for acute cases with rapid failure of strength or notable symptoms of physical exhaustion and in some not


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