Beira, East Coast of Africa, June 5, 1906.
Zanzibar is a sultanate of East Africa under British protection. The island is near the African coast, the channel separating it from the mainland, being only twenty-seven miles wide at its narrowest point. It is fifty miles long, on an average thirty miles wide, and has a very mixed population of 150,000, of whom nearly one-half live in the city of Zanzibar. The island is of coral formation, having a thin layer of sandy soil with a layer of clay between it and disintegrating coral rock. In the interior, low wooded hills break the monotony of the scenery; vegetation everywhere is luxuriant. It is the island of clove-tree groves and the cocoa palm flourishes wherever it is planted. The prosperity of the island has suffered since slavery was abolished in 1895. Thousands of the old slaves remain with their masters,