The Morax-Axenfeld diplobacillus as a pathogenic agent infecting the cornea and conjunctiva is an organism of the highest importance to the ophthalmologist. In America, in all probability, this organism is very widespread geographically and a frequent cause of infection, but it has not been deservedly recognized. Its recognition is of the greatest importance, because against infection with it we have a specific remedy. Owing to these facts, it has been thought wise to emphasize this organism in this symposium.
In justification of the statements made in the foregoing paragraph, it may be well immediately to call attention to the fact that in the 10 cases recorded below (and this experience accords with those of other observers) clinical conditions were caused by this organism varying from the most serious ulcer of the cornea to the most trivial conjunctivitis; indeed, the organism was found in one case in which there were neither