The length of the three instruments is equal, and is 22 cm. This length was chosen as the shortest which would enable the gynecologist to satisfactorily accomplish the treatment without allowing his hands to come in contact with the patient. This seemed to me important because this method being designed for use at the office or out-patient clinic the thorough sterilization of the hands consumed too much time. With this length of instrument ordinary manual skill and dexterity render such sterilization entirely unnecessary.
The cervical forceps (Fig. 1) was designed to grasp the anterior aspect of the portio vaginalis as near as possible to, but not into, the external os. The tissues are here very often so soft as to tear when so grasped by the ordinary tenaculum or tenaculum forceps under the strain to which this grasp is to be subjected. The ordinary grasp with one blade within and