JAMA. 1895;XXV(12):493-494. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430380023002f.
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[ABSTRACT.] After showing that: 1, alcohol is not a food; 2, does not promote digestion; 3, does cause gastric disturbances; 4, alcohol does not increase muscular strength nor promote physical or mental endurance, Dr. Didama continued:

[ABSTRACT.] Observation in by-gone days and accurate recent experiments seem to establish these statements beyond successful contradiction.

[ABSTRACT.] It is true that, from the time when the patriarch Noah indulged in the fermented juice of grapes which grew in his own vineyard, down to the latest newspaper advertisement, tradition has claimed that wine—alcoholic wine—not only makes glad the heart of man, but gives strength to the weary and heavy-laden, endurance to the sons of toil, consolation and joy to the broken-hearted; and brilliancy to the sluggish intellect. But the testimony of army officers, of insurance companies, railroad corporations, Arctic explorers, and even football and other fighters, is practically unanimous that total abstainers bear extremes of heat


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