JAMA. 1903;XLI(25):1532-1537. doi:10.1001/jama.1903.92490440022001f.
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HISTORICAL REVIEW.  Each year adds its share to the work that is being done by the different investigators in the study of muscular contractions, neuromuscular fatigue and the ability of a muscle to do work. To Mosso1 must be given the credit of first making investigations with the human muscle. The instrument used by him in his work consisted in a weight and pulley. The muscular power obtained he expressed as weight multiplied by the distance through which it was raised. Maggiora,2 Lombard,3 Treves,4 Cleghorn and Stewart,5 Storey6 and others continued investigations, introducing various modifications into the technic, thereby obtaining results of considerable value and interest.Thus the original idea and the one followed more or less closely since has been to have the muscle raise and lower a weight successively through a given distance. It was found that a muscle can raise the weight at


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