JAMA. 1896;XXVII(17):924. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02430950046013.
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Second International Congress of Charities and the Protection of Children.  —Nine governments were officially represented at the Congress: United States, Switzerland, France, Hungary, Portugal, Sweden, Spain, Luxemburg, and the Argentine Republic. The resolutions adopted evidence the modern tendency to a more rational conception of the preponderant importance to the State of the correct physical and moral development of the child, and the responsibility of the community to the children of the poor and degraded. They endorsed the formation of societies to supply medical care and assistance to mothers before and during confinement, with rest for four weeks afterward, and advice and assistance for mother and infant during the entire nursing period, in charge of local committees in every district with over twenty-five infants to be thus protected; creches near industrial establishments, under strict daily medical supervision, with guarding classes for children after school hours until the parents return from work;


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