It is stated by one of our British contemporaries that a petition has been presented to the Italian government for a pension in favor of Signora Magdalena Grametta, who during twenty years of married life has been the mother of sixty-two children—fifty-nine boys and three girls. The details are not given, but before one would care to estimate the value to the state of such hyperfecundity, it would be interesting to know how many of these children survived. If the example were to be extensively followed, Malthusian ideas would undoubtedly become popular. The fact is an interesting one, however, in view of the allegations that are made as to the decreasing fecundity of the race in some countries. There seems to be no such defect in Italy, at least in exceptional cases.