I wish to describe a distinct method of drainage which I am Using in abdominal surgery. I hope that a description of the method may prove of service to others.
While I have frequently used it for draining spaces in the region of the kidney and appendix, most of my experience has been derived from its use in connection with operation for gall-stone disease.
Either the cigarette drain or rubber tubing threaded with gauze has doubtless afforded the most ordinary means of drainage by surgeons in general. Sometimes these drains have found exit through stab wounds, but more generally they have emerged from the incision with the opposing edges of the incision sewed around the drain.
In my employment of solitary and cigarette drains I have repeatedly observed a considerable gush or flow of serum, pus, or blood to follow their removal. Sometimes a rise in temperature and an increase