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THE STATUS OF SKIASCOPY.Read in the Section on Ophthalmology, at the Forty-fifth Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, held at San Francisco, June 5-8, 1894.

H. V. WÜRDEMANN, M.D.
JAMA. 1894;XXIII(9):341-342. doi:10.1001/jama.1894.02421140015002c.
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ABSTRACT

It is conceded beyond all doubt by those practiced in the objective methods for determining the ocular refraction, that skiascopy holds the first place as regards accuracy and minuteness of measurement. This you have learned from the special committee appointed last year and empowered to report at this meeting. The sum of our report may be put in one sentence: The objective tests are essential to the proper examination of the ocular refraction and, although but preliminary to the subjective method, reduce the latter to simple proving of lenses found by the former, eliminating in a great measure dependence on the faltering judgment of the untrained patient, substituting therefor the skill of the expert who, reasoning from scientific data, is thus able to fit glasses in less time and more accurately with consequent satisfaction to himself and his patient. Keratometry, ophthalmoscopy and skiascopy; "the greatest of these is" skiascopy. Thus

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