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SHORTENING OF AN OCULAR MUSCLE BY TUCKING

H. W. WOODRUFF, M.D.
JAMA. 1911;LVII(6):461-466. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.04260080025008.
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The literature of operations designed to increase the power of ocular muscles contains descriptions of more than fifty methods. All of these may have served and many of them may be still serving their originators and others in the field for which they were designed.

It must be difficult, however, for the inexperienced operator to select from this number the one which will best serve his purpose. Naturally, in making his choice he should be guided by the following considerations: First, the safety of the method; second, its effectiveness, immediate and permanent; third, the cosmetic result; fourth, ease of performance; fifth, period of convalescence.

All these operations may be divided into three classes: First, those in which a new insertion is made nearer the cornea (the advancement operation proper); second, those in which the muscle is shortened but the natural insertion preserved, as (a) the tucking operation and (b) resection

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