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THE MEDICAL HISTORY OF CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS,AND THE PART TAKEN BY THE MEDICAL PROFESSION IN THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA. Read by the Author before the Section on General Medicine of the First Pan-American Medical Congress, Washington, D. C., Sept. 7, 1893.

JAMA. 1894;XXII(18):647-654. doi:10.1001/jama.1894.02420970001001.
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[Published simultaneously in the Spanish language.]

"Amicus Plato, sed magis amica veritas."ARISTOTLE.

One of the most important events in the history of humanity, and perhaps second only to the birth of Christ in beneficial results, is without any species of doubt the discovery of America by the Spaniards under the leadership of Christopher Columbus. A number of times willing and unwilling visitors certainly did come before that date from the Old World to the New. In the fifth century of the Christian era, a few Buddhist missionary priests came, either directly from China to a country which they called Fusang, and known to us now as Mexico, or they first, and most probably, settled in Japan and afterwards crossed from there to the Pacific coast of America; the voyages of the Northmen in the tenth and eleventh centuries, the traditional narratives of which tell us of the deeds of the


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