Traction and counter-tractiont ofthe t femur as detheed by Buckdevised ago was so simplers ago was so simple effectivesfactsatisfactory, that no substantial improvement thereon has been made, or is needed.
Traction and counter-traction in the treatment of fractures of the humerus, while not so universally necessary,ftenoften desirable, and sometimes essential. Its need is expressed by Scudder, Eisendrath, and other American writers, without offering practical means for meeting it. Bardenheuer, of Cologne, has exploited and developed the application of traction and counter-traction to every part of the body, giving most elaborate details for its execution. His apparatus for the arm, however, is very complicated and unwieldy. Modifications of it have been offered by various German surgeons, the most ingenious and available being that of Hoffmann, who adapts the Mitteldorpf triangle into a bus. The only ingenious and practical device I have seen described in this country, is by Osgood and Penhallow.1