A standing committee of a legislative body is the guardian and defender of special interests against harmful or hasty action by the general body. Rarely does legislation adverse to those interests originate with such a committee; yet at the present time we have an illustration of its occurrence in the proposed cutting down of the Medical Department of the Army by the Military Committee of the House of Representatives in the Army appropriation bill as reported to the House:...." and no appointments shall be made to the office of assistant surgeon until the number of assistant surgeons shall be reduced below ninety, and thereafter the number of officers in that grade in the Medical Department shall be fixed at ninety." The present number is 125.
Of course the object of this is economy. The assumption is made that there are more army doctors than are needful; yet the Army with