Keokuk, Iowa, Feb. 24, 1891.
To the Editor:
—Superfluous spectacles are those prescribed by incompetent persons. Who are they? Surely not the educated physician who, after years of preparation, drops into ophthalmology by a sort of natural affinity; surely not the man or woman, who, when examining the eye, sees not only an optical apparatus but a living being behind it. No. The incompetents are those half-hatched and abortive products ground out by the so-called "ophthalmic colleges." These "colleges" are engaged in manufacturing opticians out of jewelers and oculists out of jays. Six weeks' time suffices in either case to produce a diploma-bearing individual who goes forth to prey upon the credulity of the populace. These are the persons who are to blame for "superfluous spectacles."Every educated physician engaged in ophthalmic practice, knows that many cases of asthenopia in which refractive error exists, are not cured by glasses. The