II. RIO DE JANEIRO.
Rio de Janeiro, the capital city of Brazil, has at present a population of nearly 700,000. The city forms a crescent around the magnificent harbor and reaches inland among the foothills of the coast range of mountains. Nature has surrounded this city with a scenery unsurpassed in grandeur and beauty, consisting of the broad expanse of the bay as a foreground, and the verdant Organ Mountains with their lofty peaks as a pleasing background. The bay is jeweled with more than a hundred islets, which appear like so many emeralds set in sapphire blue, and the city is partitioned by a number of hills whose primeval forests have not been touched by the rude hand of man. There are many larger and fairer cities than Rio de Janeiro, but none has such grand and beautiful alpine scenery surrounding it. Although it was midwinter at the time