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OILED GAUZE AND THE ABSORBING POWER OF COTTON SPONGES

TORALD SOLLMANN, M.D.
JAMA. 1917;LXIX(13):1073-1074. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.02590400033010.
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"Nonadhering surgical gauze" was introduced by H. E. Fisher.1 It was prepared by saturating the gauze with a soft paraffin mixture made by the addition of petrolatum, lanolin or stearic acid to paraffin. Fisher asserts especially that the blocking of the fibers prevents matting with secretions and débris; that it prevents adherence of the gauze, and that the granulations of tissue repair are not injured when the dressing is removed.

While working on paraffin bandages, I became interested in the permeability of such bandages as influenced by various waxes and oily preparations. A series of gauzes of loose and close mesh were prepared by impregnating them with paraffins of different hardness, ranging from hard paraffin to liquid petrolatum.

As the result of experiments I find that "oiled gauze," that is, gauze that is impregnated with liquid petrolatum, holds out considerable promise of usefulness. Cotton sponges wrapped in this oiled

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