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A Continent Without an Orphan Asylum or an Orphan.

Bayard Holmes, M.D.
JAMA. 1907;XLIX(4):341-342. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.02530040053015.
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Chicago, July 20, 1907.

To the Editor:  —I have just finished reading with unusual interest a little book of one hundred and fifty pages by Catherine Helen Spence on the "State Children in Australia." This little narrative gives an account of the history of the care of the destitute children in Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand. It is written by one of the pioneers in the abolition of orphanages and other means of exploiting destitute children. Since my first acquaintance with this wonderful work in saving children which came through its presentation at the World's Congress in 1893, I have repeatedly presented the subject in the medical journals, incorporating as the motive the figures of the annual reports of the Children's Council of South Australia.There is no such thing as an orphan in Australia because the Children's Council becomes at once father and mother to the destitute child. He


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