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"SOUP BONE" IMPLANT FOR THE CORRECTION OF DEFECTS OF THE SKULL AND FACE

W. WAYNE BABCOCK, M.D.
JAMA. 1917;LXIX(5):352-355. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.02590320028006.
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In the five cases here recorded a prosthesis was obtained by embedding under the scalp or the skin of the face, portions of beef or mutton bone removed from the hospital "soup-kettle." The results are interesting as they are apparently contrary in many experiments — indicating that alien or devitalized bone introduced into the living tissue undergoes absorption or expulsion — and that such bone does not serve a useful purpose for the replacement of normal osseous tissue. It is evident, however, that most of the experimental evidence as to the transplantation of bone is based on experiments made on the long bones of the body, and it is quite possible that some of the results obtained in experimenting on bones developed from cartilage may not apply to those bones developed from membrane. We were, in one case, unsuccessful in transplanting a boiled bone from a recently amputated leg for

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