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E Pluribus Unum Forever

W. C. Shipley, M.D.
JAMA. 1916;LXVII(9):696. doi:10.1001/jama.1916.02590090050020.
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To the Editor:  —Today, when we have so much agitation on the subjects of industrial accident insurance, health insurance of sundry kinds, and all manner of hospital associations, why would it not be a step in advance for the United States government, cooperating with state and counties, to establish a department of public health whereby free medical, surgical and dental care, including hospital service when necessary, would be provided for all the people? I know from personal experience, gained through seven years of service in the mines of Calaveras County, where medical attention was given to all the miners including their families for what seemed to be a nominal fee, that the general health of the community was far above the average of communities where each individual has to pay for this service, obtain it as a gratuity from the medical practitioner, or go to the county hospital.If adequate


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