It appears to me that no apology is necessary in introducing the subject of this paper. It is onty a few years since the opening of our great National highway brought the Northwest Territories into touch with the rest of the world; and only a few years further back since these vast plains and mountains, which are now so quickly becoming the homes of civilized man, were regarded as an inhospitable desert, fit only for the buffaloes which roamed their solitudes and the Indians subsisting on the chase. The past five years have been epoch-making so far as our great West is concerned. Coincident with, and following on the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway, a flood of light began to illumine the Eastern intelligence, and as a consequence settlement has steadily and in a gradually increasing stream poured into the Territories.
It will be readily understood that a country