JAMA. 1914;LXIII(20):1765-1766. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02570200059021.
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The Journal has freely expressed the view in the past that the competitive athletics of our American colleges and universities often harbor unsuspected dangers in that they encourage overdoing on the part of the participants. No one would gainsay that systematic and even strenuous exercise may exert a most wholesome effect on the human organism. But the win-at-any-cost exertion, taxing vital organs to the very limit of their endurance, exceeding the factor of safety in physiologic functions, and sometimes carried to the breaking strain, represents a sort of unjustifiable self-sacrifice that may properly be made for one's country but is never called for to uphold the glory of one's college. The sooner it is realized that there are better tests of manliness than the ability to endure a 4-mile race in the college boat or to complete the football season in spite of acquired injuries, the more wholesome will American


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