Principles of Therapeutics.

JAMA. 1911;LVI(8):613. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.02560080061030.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Basing his studies on the scientific advances of the last half century and on clinical experience and exact observations, the author attempts to lay down principles for the guidance of the young physician. He divides remedies into four classes: etiologic or nosocratic, organic and functional, symptomatic, and reparative.

In dealing with the action of medicines a most important distinction is made between toxic and utilizable actions, both of which are included by pharmacologists under the term "physiologic." The author defines toxic action as follows: "The action on the organism of any substance which, in a relatively small dose, is capable of producing reactional, material or functional disorders, remarkable by their intensity, duration or gravity, whether these disorders be immediately appreciable or secondary and more or less slow in development." He says, "It is now obvious how far we are from an equation between toxicity and death."

For actions which do


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview




Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.