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JAMA. 1914;LXIII(9):715-718. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02570090001001.
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Constipation has appeared under a new descriptive name, viz., intestinal stasis; but it is the recognition of the fact that poisoning may result therefrom that has made constipation and its treatment the subject of renewed interest. Constipation is not necessarily a condition of infrequent defecation, but may be accompanied by one or more daily stools and even diarrhea. This is seen (1) in the so-called "cumulative constipation," in which in spite of daily defecation there is a gradual feeling of accumulation and great benefit from a weekly cathartic; (2) in fecal impaction or fecal tumor, through or around which material finds a passage, though much retarded, or the irritation of which causes diarrhea; (3) in Boas' "fragmentary constipation," in which there is a constant consciousness of feces in the rectum, but no relief from repeated attempts at defecation, these resulting merely in the passage of one or two fragments now


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